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Coyote Hunting

The coyote, or prairie wolf, is one of the very limited number of wild mammals that have increased their territory despite human encroachment. They are native to North America, and occupy land from northern Canada, all the way to Panama in central America. While they first only occupied the American southwest, they have steadily increased their territories, despite being hunted heavily.

The coyote grows to about two feet tall, 20 to 50 pounds, and is extremely lean, so much so that even a well fed coyote may look emaciated. The coyote is an omnivore, and eats small mammals, as well as insects and roadkill. Coyotes more recently have begun to eat from the trash. When wolves were endangered, coyotes began to fill the space left by them, hunting in packs to kill larger prey, but as the wolf population has begun to see a resurgence, coyotes have been getting killed off by wolves. Coyotes in turn kill foxes, dogs and other smaller canines.

Due to their cunning and omnivorous diet, coyotes are far from endangered. In fact, they are considered a varmint, or pest animal, because of the toll they take on farm animals. "Varminteers," which are hunters that hunt a pest animal, either for the reward offered by the government or local land owners or for sport, often go on coyote hunting trips, and thin out the population significantly in the area. As varmint hunting is a form of pest and population control, it is regulated very little by the government and conservation agencies. Despite the lack of regulations prohibiting the killing of coyotes, and encroachment and fervent hunting by humans, the coyote population remains stable.