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Desert Camo

The desert battle dress uniform, commonly called the "chocolate chip" or "cookie dough camouflage" was developed by the United States military in the nineteen sixties for future use by U.S. forces as they interceded in an ever escalating Arab/Israeli conflict. The pattern never saw combat use in the nineteen sixties, but was later used by American forces in the Persian Gulf War.

Following the Persian Gulf war, the United States Forces Command found problems with the DBDU, or desert battle dress uniform. The black spots, which were intended to simulate rocks and debris, also increased the amount of contrast of the uniform. Another problem was that the pattern was suitable only for the deserts situated around the Persian Gulf. Given the fabrication and production cost of making countless thousands of these uniforms, the pattern would need to blend in in any type of desert around the world. as a result of these problems, a new pattern was needed. While a pattern similar to the DBDU is in use by Iraqi security forces and several other desert nations, it has since been replaced by another pattern as the military desert camo of choice.

The desert camouflage uniform, or "coffee stain camouflage," is basically the same pattern as the BDU, or Battle Dress Uniform, except that instead of the dark brown, black, tan, and green colors present in BDU, the DCU's pattern is composed of light shades of tan, brown, and green. It was devised as a replacement for the defective Desert Battle Dress Uniform. This was the primary uniform for the the U.S. led invasion of Iraq in two-thousand-three.

In the few years following the invasion of Iraq, a still newer type of desert camouflage was introduced to replace the DCU. This new type of camouflage called MARPAT, short for "Marine Disruptive Pattern," utilizes square pixels of color to simulate the multi layered surface of the natural environment. This pattern comes in both desert and woodland colors, though the pattern remains roughly the same.